What is IQ & EQ? Difference between Intelligence Quotient and Emotional Quotient

Priya Sharma | Jul, 29 2021
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Living in an era where students are 10 times advanced and always wandering in search of new methods for their overall development can be tricky. The pandemic times have led to a worldwide revolution in IQ and EQ, enhancing Ed-techs/startups and developing a sense of newness to explore and correct the mindset of children. 

What are IQ and EQ?


IQ stands for Intelligence Quotient, where the child's intelligence is determined based on regular tests deemed to analyze the child's efficiency. In contrast, EQ stands for Emotional Quotient to deduce the power of emotions by understanding a child's ability to think and react in certain situations. 

What is Intelligence Quotient?

A score is given to a child based on his capability to learn and understand the concepts. IQ is never consistent as it changes over time and also with age. IQ is the proficiency of a child to learn and remember and test his performance with others. 

As per studies, IQ changes with age in particular students. For example, an IQ of a 2nd grader may vary compared to the IQ of a 9th grader. Hence, defining his propensity to analyze new concepts. A standardized intelligence test could be a great example.

What is an Emotional Quotient?

Also known as Emotional Intelligence, EQ generally defines how a child thinks about himself and how he explains and reacts to certain situations. An assessment for children judges EQ. Unlike IQ, EQ never focuses on giving scores based on intelligence; instead, EQ is the most simplified way to understand how a child thinks and evaluates and reacts to the situations around him. 

EQ is measured with the help of 5 components, namely :

  • Self-Awareness: To be highly aware of your moods and emotions and their outcomes on others around you. 
  • Self-Regulation: The ability to self control your heightened emotions and think wisely before acting or reacting. 
  • Motivation: The ability/passion for going beyond intelligence and serving yourself to achieve the aimed goals.
  • Social-Awareness: The ability to analyze the other person's emotions and your reaction towards them. 
  • Social-Regulation: To frame a highly influenced network by your emotions to clear other emotions and manage relationships.  
     

Difference between Emotional Quotient and Intelligence Quotient

 

Basis

EQ (Emotional Quotient)

IQ (Intelligence Quotient)

Stands for

Emotional Quotient (aka emotional intelligence)

Intelligence Quotient

Definition

EQ generally defines how a child thinks about himself and how he explains and reacts to certain situations.

A score is given to a child based on his capability to learn and understand the concepts.

Abilities

Identify, evaluate, control and express one's own emotions. 

Ability to learn, understand and apply information to logical reasoning, skills, word comprehension, math skills, abstract and spatial thinking, irrelevant filter information.


CONCLUSION

IQ and EQ both go hand in hand. IQ may get you far enough, but EQ determines how far you can go with a correct mindset. Now it’s entirely on you what and how to get yourself equipped with the same. Spending a little time on EQ each day may also help you in the clarity of thoughts and ideas. Therefore, with your consistent efforts, you can build a more excellent IQ and EQ.

Hope you find this blog informative. For more information about IQ and EQ stay tuned with Q Olympiad

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